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The MEK Fact Sheet

[1] Hussain, Murtaza, and Matthew Cole. “DEFECTORS TELL OF TORTURE AND FORCED STERILIZATION IN MILITANT IRANIAN CULT.” The Intercept, 22 Mar. 2020,
[2] United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. “Refworld | No Exit: Human Rights Abuses Inside the Mojahedin Khalq Camps.” Refworld, Human Rights Watch, 18 May 2005,
[3] Masters, Jonathan. “Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK) | Backgrounder.” Council on Foreign Relations, 28 July 2014,
[4] United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. “Child Soldiers Global Report 2001 - Iran.” Refworld, HRW, 1 Apr. 2001,
[5] “Rise of Dissent Inside the MKO.” Human Rights Watch | Defending Human Rights Worldwide, HRW, 1 May 2005,
[6] Maleki, Ammar, and Pooyan Arab. “Iranians’ Attitudes Toward the 2022 Nationwide Protests.” GAMAAN, Group for Measuring and Analyzing Attitudes in Iran, 1 Feb. 2023,
[7] Zogby, James, et al. “2020 National Public Opinion Survey of the Iranian American Community.” PAAIA, PAAIA, 12 Oct. 2020,
[8] Goulka, Jeremiah, et al. “The Mujahedin-e Khalq in Iraq: A Policy Conundrum | RAND.” RAND Corporation, RAND Corporation, 14 July 2009,
[9] “Country Reports on Terrorism - Terrorist Groups.” State.Gov, US Dept. of State, 27 Apr. 2005,
[10] Bureau of Counterterrorism. “Foreign Terrorist Organizations.” State.Gov, US Dept. of State, Accessed 17 May 2023.
[11] McGreal, Chris. “MEK Decision: Multimillion-Dollar Campaign Led to Removal from Terror List .” The Guardian, The Guardian, 21 Sept. 2012,